Timothy Francis Donaghy (/ d ɒ n ə ɡ i / ; geboren 7. Januar ) ist ein ehemaliger Profi - Basketball - Schiedsrichter, die in der bearbeiteten National. Nba Tim Donaghy: Stockfotos und Bilder bei imago images lizenzieren, sofort downloaden und nutzen. Timothy Francis Donaghy ist ein ehemaliger professioneller Basketball-Schiedsrichter, der von Spielzeiten in der National Basketball Association gearbeitet hat. Während seiner Karriere in der NBA leitete Donaghy reguläre.
Tim DonaghySelon la presse américaine, Donaghy, 41 ans, qui fut arbitre de la NBA pendant 13 ans, a été admis dans la prison fédérale de Pensacola, en Floride. Tim. Timothy Francis Donaghy ist ein ehemaliger professioneller Basketball-Schiedsrichter, der von Spielzeiten in der National Basketball Association gearbeitet hat. Während seiner Karriere in der NBA leitete Donaghy reguläre. Viel Spaß mit Millionen aktueller Android-Apps, Spielen, Musik, Filmen, Serien, Büchern und Zeitschriften – jederzeit, überall und auf allen deinen Geräten.
Tim Donaghy ACT 1: A CONVENIENT HALF-TRUTH VideoGambling NBA Ref Tim Donaghy Recaps Reffing The Malice At The Palace \u0026 How The FBI Caught Him
Im Betfair Test muss es auch um Tim Donaghy Frage, for enjoyable. - Personal FoulDiese Termine sind ohne Gewähr und können sich Mp2 Spiele ändern.
He said Donaghy, 42, went to the nearby health club to work on his knee. On Nov. But, unfortunately, I made some poor choices and I have to live with it.
A lot of older referees hated his guts because their lifestyle got changed from going out and hitting the club scene after games to being in the room watching tape.
Guys like Joey Crawford, Bennett Salvatore, those older refs hated his guts. Donaghy is back in the public eye because of the release of a new movie, Inside Game , based on the book by Tommy Martino , a childhood friend of Donaghy who helped hatch a plan in the mids to make millions off betting on games with tips from Donaghy, touching off one of the biggest gambling scandals in American sports.
The movie debuts on Friday. Either way, 12 years later, Donaghy would rather not talk about the entire experience. Retrieved July 28, Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved October 10, August 15, Retrieved April 21, Retrieved August 18, August 14, Retrieved August 14, June 11, May 31, Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved March 15, May 7, Retrieved April 22, July 30, Archived from the original on 6 April But Donaghy didn't settle in.
Rush, as director of refs, took notice but didn't think much of it at the time. It was only later, in , after Donaghy had been exposed, that Donaghy's letter-of-the-law foul-calling acquired a darker hue.
Watching games for Pedowitz, Rush noticed the same propensity to call "literally interpreted" fouls in situations where they were not warranted -- ones that ran counter to the flow of the game.
Only this time, Rush viewed these calls with suspicion. Still, as Rush explained to me over the phone, these were just "trends," not "red flags," and the NBA and the Pedowitz people were interested only in red flags.
A play that had to be called one way and that [Donaghy] called the other way. That's what they were looking for. I didn't find it. In the end, Rush felt there was no need to relay his observations to the Pedowitz people.
He felt the trends were embodied in the stats: The volume of Donaghy's calls was noticeable; it must be obvious to all.
And so nothing about any of this would end up in Pedowitz's final report. What does it mean to "fix" a game?
And how, in turn, could you uncover evidence of it years, even a decade, later? The methods of fixing are rather straightforward.
A player who's on the take can shave points, purposely missing baskets, say, in an effort to lower the score for his side. A ref, on the other hand, can effectively add points -- calling fouls that result in free throws.
And if a ref were to target one particular team with fouls, he could push the score for the opposing side higher than it otherwise would be.
So where to begin? Donaghy officiated in 40 games between the marriage on Dec. We began by obtaining the trading histories for those games and through those determined which team was the more heavily bet upon.
Furthermore, exceedingly large price jumps or plunges, or even the timing of certain price moves, could signal the trading strategies of a gambling syndicate.
For all their desire to ply their trade in secrecy, sophisticated gambling syndicates often leave traces. Through them, we deduced which side Donaghy had picked for Battista to bet on.
Next, we pulled game videos for all 40 games and employed a researcher with an extensive background in officiating to watch them closely, logging all of Donaghy's and his fellow referees' foul calls.
Of those calls, 2. It is normal, of course, for a referee to call more fouls against one team than the other.
There will almost always be an imbalance of calls. But examine that imbalance against the financial imbalances discovered in the trading histories-which side received the heavier betting -- and the important comparison isn't between Donaghy's foul calls and the team that won the game.
The important comparison is to the team that received the greater amount of betting dollars. Once we completed all of that, what we uncovered was that Donaghy's foul calls favored the team that received the heavier betting 70 percent of the time.
But we also found that in 10 games during that game span, one team was defeating the other team to such a degree that the spread was rarely in doubt.
A referee wishing to manipulate game scores on these occasions would likely find he lacked much ability to sway the matter -- or the need to do so, if the score was already in his favor.
And so, controlling for blowouts by removing those games from the ledger, what we ultimately found was this: Donaghy favored the side that attracted more betting dollars in 23 of those 30 competitive games, or 77 percent of the time.
In four games, he called the game neutrally, The number of games in which Tim Donaghy favored the team that attracted fewer betting dollars?
And they are. When presented with that data, ESPN statisticians crunched the numbers and revealed: The odds that Tim Donaghy would have randomly made calls that produced that imbalance are 6,to We also passed along our data to Keith Crank, who served for 15 years as the program director in statistics and probability at the National Science Foundation.
To control for bias, he performed what's called a hypothesis test on these numbers, which would produce a P value, or a probability, for Donaghy's calls in each game in the season.
He then did the same set of calculations for the other two referees on the floor in each of Donaghy's games.
Crank's method boasted a certain elegance: It would capture any bias a ref might display in as simple a way as possible. Blowouts would be included.
No line-movement data would be required. Crank then calculated the P value for just Donaghy's calls for the entirety of the season in question. It was 0.
In other words, there was a Unlikely but not outrageously so. But Crank didn't stop there. There was, after all, that definitive frame within the season: the 40 games between the beginning of the marriage and the end of Battista's involvement.
And if you exclude two split-foul calls -- the same foul called by two refs simultaneously and credited to both -- the P value for Donaghy's calls in that set of games was 0.
To professional statisticians, any P value of less than 5 percent constitutes a signal that is "significant. In our case, it means there's just a 4.
All of our efforts were focused on understanding precisely what he did and how he did it so we would be best equipped to protect the integrity of our games going forward.
The NBA wouldn't share the specifics of those statistical analyses, but it did describe them in summary form. According to the league, the studies were based on "the entirety of the period during which Donaghy had admitted to gambling on games," including games refereed by Donaghy himself, and entailed examinations of "officiating accuracy," "lopsided [foul] calling and the magnitude of lopsidedness," the timing of his calls during games, foul-call "streaks" and call volumes, along with an analysis of "all associated betting lines and movements.
Privately, however, he has at times taken a different position. Ever since Donaghy emerged from prison in , he has lived in the same unit in a town house apartment complex in Sarasota.
He has given up making betting picks for a tout service, which he did for a time after his release from prison. His income now reportedly comes from rental properties he owns.
But before Donaghy even got out of prison, an imprint of Random House was reportedly set to publish his memoir. Donaghy then found another publisher: a small, independent, newly established outfit -- so new that Personal Foul would be its inaugural volume -- based in Tampa, Florida, and operated by a political consultant and publicist named Shawna Vercher.
That relationship would eventually turn acrimonious, winding up in court, with Donaghy successfully suing Vercher in and accusing her of stealing his book proceeds.
But the genesis of their falling-out occurred when Donaghy was still making the rounds to promote the book, according to documents filed in court as part of the lawsuit.
The falling-out involved a polygraph test. Vercher told me that, in December , after questioning from reporters, including ones from ESPN, she had wanted Donaghy to take a polygraph that asked point-blank whether he'd fixed games.
Donaghy said he couldn't do that, Vercher recalled in a deposition. His attorneys, he told her, had advised him not to.
Vercher asked him why. It took a second for me to comprehend what Martino was telling me. Martino couldn't remember, not exactly.
Martino did recall Donaghy telling him that certain games would be unfixable. In Martino's words, "Blowouts, he can't control.
Because then "you gotta call a lot of fouls," Martino said. This was a few years after Donaghy's release from prison.
A close observer of basketball, the gambler had become acutely curious after suffering losses on Donaghy-reffed games during that season. The gambler described the conversation with Donaghy to me on the condition that I not use his name in the story.
To the gambler's enduring surprise, Donaghy acknowledged that, yes, he deliberately called more fouls against the side he'd bet against. He told the gambler about other tactics as well.
The gambler added, "He also told me they were betting millions and he was an idiot not to ask for more. Like so many others in Donaghy's life, Kulle and the referee would eventually have a vitriolic falling-out; at one point, Donaghy won a stalking injunction against Kulle.
But at the time of the visit, in late , Kulle said, the men were close. Since moving to Sarasota in , Donaghy had often volunteered for the local youth sports leagues that Kulle ran out of a community center.
Now, after Donaghy's downfall but before he headed to prison, Donaghy broke down and wept inside Kulle's office. The office's windows looked out onto a basketball court, where children on youth teams were just then practicing.
Their sneakers squeaked on the hardwood. Kulle got up, crossed the room and closed the blinds. That's when Donaghy "laid everything out" and "spilled everything," Kulle said.
He knew how to control it. He knew how to get into other referees' heads too, about different players He admitted to fixing the games. When Donaghy had finished, Kulle leaned back in his chair.
He'd been raptly listening to the referee's story -- the gambling, the cash, the secrecy, the corruption, the endless search by human beings to gain an edge, the gross opportunism that seemed almost contagious, the almost shockingly easy fixing of a major American sport -- but now there was one big thing on Kulle's mind, and it wasn't the moral of the story.
Or, actually, it was the moral of this story. Kulle's eyes were practically dollar signs. He was already thinking, How can I get a piece of this action?
Can I maybe even invest in this thing? In that moment -- like the many people before him who'd expanded and abetted the scheme and profited from it -- Aron Kulle sensed opportunity.
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Sources: NBA not setting rules to cancel games. Pau Gasol eyes Lakers return, playing with Marc. In doing so, Donaghy disclosed classified information that he obtained as an NBA referee.
Donaghy also admitted that he had a severe gambling addiction for which he was taking antidepressants. Donaghy specifically admitted to passing information about two games during the —07 season.
Prosecutors also said that Donaghy bet on games himself. Donaghy's lawyer said that this was the league trying to retaliate against Donaghy for his misconduct.
His lawyer argued that the punishment should apply to only one season, a position supported by the government in court papers. On June 10, , Donaghy's attorney filed a court document alleging, among other things, that Game 6 of the Western Conference Finals between the Los Angeles Lakers and Sacramento Kings had been fixed by two referees.
The letter states that Donaghy "learned from Referee A that Referees A and F wanted to extend the series to seven games.
Tim knew Referees A and F to be 'company men', always acting in the interest of the NBA, and that night, it was in the NBA's interest to add another game to the series.
The teams were not named, but the Western Conference Finals were the only seven-game series that year. Donaghy has lied to us. On July 29, , Donaghy was sentenced in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York  to 15 months in prison for his participation in the gambling scandal.
Donaghy could have faced up to 33 months, but Judge Carol Amon reduced his sentence to 15 months two month terms served concurrently, followed by 3 years of supervised release in exchange for his co-operation.
Judge Amon noted she held Donaghy "more culpable" than his two co-conspirators and added, "Without Mr.
Donaghy, there was no scheme. Donaghy apologized in court: "I brought shame on myself, my family and the profession.
As a result of the betting scandal, Stern revised the guidelines on the behavior of NBA referees during the Board of Governors' meeting in Despite the labor agreement for referees, which restricted them from participating in almost all forms of gambling, it was revealed that about half of the NBA's officials had made bets in casinos, albeit not with sportsbooks.
In addition, all referees had admitted to engaging in some form of gambling. Stern stated that the "ban on gambling is absolute, and in my view it is too absolute, too harsh and was not particularly well-enforced over the years.
There were several other referee-related rule changes made: the announcement of referees of a game was moved from 90 minutes before tip-off to the morning of the game, to reduce the value of the information to gamblers; referees received more in-season training and counseling on gambling; more thorough background checks were carried out; the league declared its intention to analyze the statistical relationship between NBA games and referees' gambling patterns for those games; and the interactions between referees and NBA teams were made easier and more formal.
The book was to have covered his NBA career, described his dealings with the "underworld" during the betting scandal, and explained how he would determine the winning team in the games he refereed.
Donaghy also promised to "discuss the relationship that players, coaches and referees have with each other.
However, Donaghy's publisher, Triumph Books , canceled it because of liability concerns. The book was released in December Donaghy claims that while imprisoned, he was attacked and threatened.
He also claims that in November a man claiming to be an associate of the New York Mafia struck Donaghy with a paint roller extension bar, resulting in injuries to his knee and leg which required surgery.
Philip Scala and his colleagues scoffed at the notion a mobster harmed Donaghy in prison.Timothy Francis Donaghy ist ein ehemaliger professioneller Basketball-Schiedsrichter, der von Spielzeiten in der National Basketball Association gearbeitet hat. Während seiner Karriere in der NBA leitete Donaghy reguläre. Tim Donaghy. Gefällt Mal · 2 Personen sprechen darüber. Author of "Personal Foul:A First-Person Account of The Scandal That Rocked The NBA". Personal Foul | Donaghy, Tim | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Sind Sie Autor? Besuchen Sie Author Central, um Ihr Foto zu ändern, Ihre Biografie zu bearbeiten und vieles mehr. Siehe Autoren-Seiten FAQ. Sonst noch. Infamous former NBA referee Tim Donaghy, who was involved in a gambling scandal during his time as an official, will be making his return to officiating. According to Sports Illustrated, Donaghy is. "The Tim Donaghy matter concluded over a decade ago with a full investigation by the federal government, Donaghy's termination from the NBA, and his conviction for criminal acts. In , NBA referee Tim Donaghy was arrested for betting on games he officiated. It was the biggest scandal in American sports history, but it quickly faded from the headlines. The following is the NBA’s response to “How Former Ref Tim Donaghy Conspired to Fix NBA Games,” published by ESPN on Feb. 19, The Tim Donaghy matter concluded over a decade ago with a full. Former referee Tim Donaghy, who resigned in before pleading guilty to federal charges and serving 11 months in prison stemming from his involvement in a notorious gambling scandal, certainly.